wordpress 用户密码重置

申请了一个WordPress空间,没料到把用户密码忘记了,不知道什么原因,WordPress的【忘记密码】功能失灵了,只好用管理员登录上去,尝试从数据库里面重置一下,登上去一看,密码是加密的,这是难不住我们的,当年搞定JIRA的密码也就那么回事。

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估计wordpress不会弱到使用MySQL的加密函数,于是先百度了一下,找到一篇文章【wordpress用户密码加密原理及其算法分析】(https://blog.csdn.net/HK_JH/article/details/27368279),下载了作者写的c语言程序,用VS 15编译了一下,果然就可以算出一个hash以后的密码,updata一下,然后发现不对!!!

下载https://wordpress.org/download/的最新版本(https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz),目前是4.9.4,找到用户密码代码class-phpass.php文件,打开一看,是一个hash类,根据配置采用不同的hash算法。写了一个3行的小程序:

require_once ‘/class-phpass.php’;
$hasher = new PasswordHash( 8, true );
echo $hasher->HashPassword(“mypassword”);

然后就得到了一个可用的密码,搞定!

估计此前的作者是个C爱好者,从网上弄了一些代码,那个MD5明显是开源代码,还说是自己以前写的, 看来水平不咋地。

 

<?php
/**
* Portable PHP password hashing framework.
* @package phpass
* @since 2.5.0
* @version 0.3 / WordPress
* @link http://www.openwall.com/phpass/
*/

#
# Written by Solar Designer <solar at openwall.com> in 2004-2006 and placed in
# the public domain.  Revised in subsequent years, still public domain.
#
# There’s absolutely no warranty.
#
# Please be sure to update the Version line if you edit this file in any way.
# It is suggested that you leave the main version number intact, but indicate
# your project name (after the slash) and add your own revision information.
#
# Please do not change the “private” password hashing method implemented in
# here, thereby making your hashes incompatible.  However, if you must, please
# change the hash type identifier (the “$P$”) to something different.
#
# Obviously, since this code is in the public domain, the above are not
# requirements (there can be none), but merely suggestions.
#

/**
* Portable PHP password hashing framework.
*
* @package phpass
* @version 0.3 / WordPress
* @link http://www.openwall.com/phpass/
* @since 2.5.0
*/
class PasswordHash {
var $itoa64;
var $iteration_count_log2;
var $portable_hashes;
var $random_state;

/**
* PHP5 constructor.
*/
function __construct( $iteration_count_log2, $portable_hashes )
{
$this->itoa64 = ‘./0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz’;

if ($iteration_count_log2 < 4 || $iteration_count_log2 > 31)
$iteration_count_log2 = 8;
$this->iteration_count_log2 = $iteration_count_log2;

$this->portable_hashes = $portable_hashes;

$this->random_state = microtime() . uniqid(rand(), TRUE); // removed getmypid() for compatibility reasons
}

/**
* PHP4 constructor.
*/
public function PasswordHash( $iteration_count_log2, $portable_hashes ) {
self::__construct( $iteration_count_log2, $portable_hashes );
}

function get_random_bytes($count)
{
$output = ”;
if ( @is_readable(‘/dev/urandom’) &&
($fh = @fopen(‘/dev/urandom’, ‘rb’))) {
$output = fread($fh, $count);
fclose($fh);
}

if (strlen($output) < $count) {
$output = ”;
for ($i = 0; $i < $count; $i += 16) {
$this->random_state =
md5(microtime() . $this->random_state);
$output .=
pack(‘H*’, md5($this->random_state));
}
$output = substr($output, 0, $count);
}

return $output;
}

function encode64($input, $count)
{
$output = ”;
$i = 0;
do {
$value = ord($input[$i++]);
$output .= $this->itoa64[$value & 0x3f];
if ($i < $count)
$value |= ord($input[$i]) << 8;
$output .= $this->itoa64[($value >> 6) & 0x3f];
if ($i++ >= $count)
break;
if ($i < $count)
$value |= ord($input[$i]) << 16;
$output .= $this->itoa64[($value >> 12) & 0x3f];
if ($i++ >= $count)
break;
$output .= $this->itoa64[($value >> 18) & 0x3f];
} while ($i < $count);

return $output;
}

function gensalt_private($input)
{
$output = ‘$P$’;
$output .= $this->itoa64[min($this->iteration_count_log2 +
((PHP_VERSION >= ‘5’) ? 5 : 3), 30)];
$output .= $this->encode64($input, 6);

return $output;
}

function crypt_private($password, $setting)
{
$output = ‘*0’;
if (substr($setting, 0, 2) == $output)
$output = ‘*1’;

$id = substr($setting, 0, 3);
# We use “$P$”, phpBB3 uses “$H$” for the same thing
if ($id != ‘$P$’ && $id != ‘$H$’)
return $output;

$count_log2 = strpos($this->itoa64, $setting[3]);
if ($count_log2 < 7 || $count_log2 > 30)
return $output;

$count = 1 << $count_log2;

$salt = substr($setting, 4, 8);
if (strlen($salt) != 8)
return $output;

# We’re kind of forced to use MD5 here since it’s the only
# cryptographic primitive available in all versions of PHP
# currently in use.  To implement our own low-level crypto
# in PHP would result in much worse performance and
# consequently in lower iteration counts and hashes that are
# quicker to crack (by non-PHP code).
if (PHP_VERSION >= ‘5’) {
$hash = md5($salt . $password, TRUE);
do {
$hash = md5($hash . $password, TRUE);
} while (–$count);
} else {
$hash = pack(‘H*’, md5($salt . $password));
do {
$hash = pack(‘H*’, md5($hash . $password));
} while (–$count);
}

$output = substr($setting, 0, 12);
$output .= $this->encode64($hash, 16);

return $output;
}

function gensalt_extended($input)
{
$count_log2 = min($this->iteration_count_log2 + 8, 24);
# This should be odd to not reveal weak DES keys, and the
# maximum valid value is (2**24 – 1) which is odd anyway.
$count = (1 << $count_log2) – 1;

$output = ‘_’;
$output .= $this->itoa64[$count & 0x3f];
$output .= $this->itoa64[($count >> 6) & 0x3f];
$output .= $this->itoa64[($count >> 12) & 0x3f];
$output .= $this->itoa64[($count >> 18) & 0x3f];

$output .= $this->encode64($input, 3);

return $output;
}

function gensalt_blowfish($input)
{
# This one needs to use a different order of characters and a
# different encoding scheme from the one in encode64() above.
# We care because the last character in our encoded string will
# only represent 2 bits.  While two known implementations of
# bcrypt will happily accept and correct a salt string which
# has the 4 unused bits set to non-zero, we do not want to take
# chances and we also do not want to waste an additional byte
# of entropy.
$itoa64 = ‘./ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789’;

$output = ‘$2a$’;
$output .= chr(ord(‘0’) + $this->iteration_count_log2 / 10);
$output .= chr(ord(‘0’) + $this->iteration_count_log2 % 10);
$output .= ‘$’;

$i = 0;
do {
$c1 = ord($input[$i++]);
$output .= $itoa64[$c1 >> 2];
$c1 = ($c1 & 0x03) << 4;
if ($i >= 16) {
$output .= $itoa64[$c1];
break;
}

$c2 = ord($input[$i++]);
$c1 |= $c2 >> 4;
$output .= $itoa64[$c1];
$c1 = ($c2 & 0x0f) << 2;

$c2 = ord($input[$i++]);
$c1 |= $c2 >> 6;
$output .= $itoa64[$c1];
$output .= $itoa64[$c2 & 0x3f];
} while (1);

return $output;
}

function HashPassword($password)
{
if ( strlen( $password ) > 4096 ) {
return ‘*’;
}

$random = ”;

if (CRYPT_BLOWFISH == 1 && !$this->portable_hashes) {
$random = $this->get_random_bytes(16);
$hash =
crypt($password, $this->gensalt_blowfish($random));
if (strlen($hash) == 60)
return $hash;
}

if (CRYPT_EXT_DES == 1 && !$this->portable_hashes) {
if (strlen($random) < 3)
$random = $this->get_random_bytes(3);
$hash =
crypt($password, $this->gensalt_extended($random));
if (strlen($hash) == 20)
return $hash;
}

if (strlen($random) < 6)
$random = $this->get_random_bytes(6);
$hash =
$this->crypt_private($password,
$this->gensalt_private($random));
if (strlen($hash) == 34)
return $hash;

# Returning ‘*’ on error is safe here, but would _not_ be safe
# in a crypt(3)-like function used _both_ for generating new
# hashes and for validating passwords against existing hashes.
return ‘*’;
}

function CheckPassword($password, $stored_hash)
{
if ( strlen( $password ) > 4096 ) {
return false;
}

$hash = $this->crypt_private($password, $stored_hash);
if ($hash[0] == ‘*’)
$hash = crypt($password, $stored_hash);

return $hash === $stored_hash;
}
}

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